Traffic Roads Along the Limes

Road Network

One of the most noteworthy building projects of the Romans is the road system. The Romans’ supremacy was in large part due to their well improved traffic routes, which also considerably facilitated persons and wares to travel throughout the empire. Today these traces are still visible: some of our roads follow the routes of ancient Roman ways. Also original finds of Roman traffic routes are still preserved but often very difficult to recognize among the countryside. The carriageway of a former Roman road is still well visible 1,24 mi (2 km) north-west of Biesenhard at Wellheim. This road connected the village vicus Scuttarensium at Nassenfels also with the Danube crossing by Stepperg.


– Limes course

– You are here

– Bavarian Limes Information Centre (Weißenburg)

– Roman roads

– Danube crossing by Stepperg

Water Ways – The Romans on the Danube

The Danube was one of the major arterial roads of the Roman empire. Together with the road flanking its southern bank, this river linked Roman Bavaria with the provinces located downstream and with the Black Sea. River ports, wooden wharves and bank reinforcements were found along its course. In 1992 some stone pilasters basing on oak piles of a circa 1.640,42 ft/500 m-long Roman bridge over the Danube were found by Stepperg. The Danube castell at Oberstimm was built in AD 40-50 and controlled traffic along the southern Danube road, on the river and over it. In 1986 two spectacular military ships from AD 100-110 were found in the area of a silted up Roman berth near the castell. Today they are exhibited in the Kelten Römer Museum at Manching together with a 16,40 ft/5 m-long model of the ancient Roman bridge at Stepperg.



1) Theilenhofen   On the plateau north of the village a stone column marks the former castell.


2) Pfünz          The copy of a milestone stands near the castell.


3) Kösching     A milestone is exhibited in the local archaeological and ethnographical museum (Museum für Archäologie und Volkskunde).



Signposts erected in important places testify to the high organisation level of the Roman traffic system. Inscriptions on these milestones indicated distances in Roman miles: a Roman mile was made up of 1,000 double steps, corresponding to circa 0.87 mi (1.4 km).


– Roman quadriga

   The Roman map Tabula Peutingeriana

– Milestones in the museum at Kösching

– Diagram of a Roman road

– Model of the bridge over the Danube at Stepperg