Life along the Limes war not characterized merely by military activities. As the soldiers stationing here needed to be supplied, civil settlements called vici also developed in the vicinities of castells. Here traders, workmen and soldiers’ families settled down.
Besides houses also public buildings such as temples and baths (thermae) were built. The road network was widened and burial grounds were created. Even if the Raetian province was thinly populated, some towns could develop: Augusta Vindelicum – today’s Augsburg – was by far the largest city in all of Raetia.
– Limes course
– You are here
– Bavarian Limes Information Centre (Weißenburg)
– Roman settlement
– Villa rustica
Nassenfels: A “Shopping Centre” for the Romans and the Barbarians
Many castell’s vici became civil vici, which survived also after Roman troops had left. When the castell at Nassenfels was abandoned, the local supply-village became a civil settlement, whose favourable position at the junction of many important traffic routes enabled brisk trading and prosperity. Functionaries, traders and workmen coming from different regions of the Roman Empire lived in this civil “small town” together with natives: its Roman name was Vicus Scuttarensium. The local market was a place of sale for products from the surrounding estates and a sort of “shopping centre” for farmers, soldiers and native populations. Roman wares certainly attracted customers also from the Germanic regions north of the Limes. Finds from Nassenfels are to be viewed in the Museum für Ur- und Frühgeschichte for prehistory and ancient history at Eichstätt and in the city museum Stadtmuseum in Ingolstadt.
– Roman harvest festival at the Villa Rustica by Möckenlohe (every year in August)
– Pottery, Museum für Ur- und Frühgeschichte (Eichstätt)
– Bronze founding during the museum festival at Kipfenberg