Gods and Tombs

Roman Mythology

The Romans worshipped a great variety of gods. They built temples in their honour and presented votive offerings to them. Alongside Jupiter, who was their main god, soldiers stationed in the Roman provinces worshipped the goddesses Victoria and Fortuna, as well as very popular divinities like Mercury and Apollo. Also the worship of the imperial house and Eastern cults were widespread.

 

 [map]

– Limes course

– You are here

– Bavarian Limes Information Centre (Weißenburg)

– Roman roads

– Tombstones

 

Asparagus Bed with a Treasure

In 1979 a man living in Weißenburg discovered a precious treasure in his asparagus bed, which was probably buried by a Roman priest while fleeing from the Alemanni. The finds included many god figures and votive gifts, such as a votive tablet portraying the most popular deities Minerva, Mercury and Apollo. This Roman treasure can be seen in the Römermuseum at Weißenburg.

 

Burial Culture

According to ancient traditions burial grounds were located outside the cities, beside the major roads. People thought this could preserve the deceased’s memory. Moreover foreigners could get an impression of the inhabitants’ status, whose wealth or poverty were reflected by the quality of tombstones and stone monuments.

 

Statue of Apollo, Römermuseum (Weißenburg)

 

In the Romans’ Footsteps in the Altmühltal Nature Park

Only rare traces of ancient Roman places of worship are still to be found on the original spots. Also former burial grounds can still be found out only by archaeologists. Many of the still preserved tombstones and excavated grave goods are displayed in museums or embedded in churches and medieval buildings. That’s why a tombstone was used as an altar plate in the chapel St.-Peters-Kapelle at Kösching.

 

Possibility of Visiting Tombstones in Churches and Other Buildings

(Please note that not all churches are always accessible)

1) City castle at Treuchtlingen    Roman tombstone embedded at the entrance

2) Church St. Erhart at Osterdorf     Tombstone on the southern side of the church

3) Parish church at Mauern         Tombstone of a Roman married couple in the church

4) Church St. Martin at Egweil    Roman tombstone embedded in the eastern outer wall

5) Church St. Johannes at Demling  Tombstone with a funerary banquet in relief and tombstone with inscription on the outer wall

6) Church St. Leonhard at Tholbath           Tombstone of a one-legged Roman legionary in the church

7) Church Sebastianikirche at Pförring     Tombstone of the primus Saturnius on the southern outer wall